Syllabus - Main Exam

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    Syllabus - Main Exam

    Essay :

    Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics .They will be expected to kkep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion & to write it concisely .

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-1 Syllabus

    Indian Heritage & culture ,History & Geography of the World and the society :

    • Distribution Indian culture covers the salient features of Literatures ,art froms & architecture from ancient to modern times .
    • Modern Indian History ,various stages & important contributors & contributions from different parts of the country in the freedom struggle .
    • Post Independence consolidation & reorganization within the country .
    • History of the world includes events ,forms & effects on the society from 18Th century like world wars ,industrial revolution ,colonization ,redrawal of national boundries, decolonization ,political philosophies like communism ,capitalism ,socialism etc. 
    • Salient aspects of Diversity of India & Indian Society   Role of women & womens’ organisation ,population & associated issues ,poverty & developmental issues ,urbanization their problems & remedies 
    • Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India
    • Effects of globalization on Indian society
    • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
    • Salient features of the world’s physical geography
    • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, tertiary sector ,industries in various parts of the world (including India).
    • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-2 Syllabus

    Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations:

    • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure
    • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges
    • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
    • Parliament and State Legislatures 
    • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions
    • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government;
    • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
    • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
    • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies 
    • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes
    • Health, Education, Human Resources
    • The role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
    • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
    • Issues relating to poverty and hunger
    • Role of civil services in a democracy
    • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
    • India and its neighbourhood- relations
    • Important International institutions, agencies ,their structure, mandate
    • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-3 Syllabus

    Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management:

    • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
    • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
    • Government Budgeting.
    • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
    • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
    • Economics of animal-rearing.
    • Food processing and related industries in India
    • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions
    • Land reforms in India.
    • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
    • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc
    • Science and technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology;
    • Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
    • Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment
    • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
    • Disaster and disaster management.
    • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
    • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
    • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention
    • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
    • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-4 Syllabus

    Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude:

    This paper includes questions to check the candidate’s attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his/her problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him/her while dealing with society.

    Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects and covers area:

    • Ethics and Human Interface- Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships
    • Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • Attitude- content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
    • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
    • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
    • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
    • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration- Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
    • Probity in Governance- Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information; sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
    • Case Studies on the above issues.

    Interview /Personality Test (275 Marks)

    • Candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will be called for the ‘Personality Test/Interview’.
    • These candidates will be interviewed by a Board appointed by the UPSC.
    • The objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in the civil services by a board of competent and unbiased observers.
    • The interview is more of a purposive conversation intended to explore the mental qualities and analytical ability of the candidate.
    • The Interview test will be of 275 marks and the total marks for written examination is 1750.
    • This sums up to a Grand Total of 2025 Marks based on which the final merit list will be prepared.

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